This is a  staff list for (Program Formerly Known As) Love in Action in Memphis, TN

(a.k.a. The Source, NOW KNOWN AS Restoration Path )

(we are working to acquire the complete records for ALL years)


We advise current and/or former staff to report any abuses you may have witnessed while working at Love in Action.  For information on your rights and how to take action, visit  If you were fired or forced to resign because you opposed any illegal and/or unethical practices at Love in Action, you have the right to take action. 


If you were harmed (family or survivor) by Love in Action, please contact if you remember the long-term employees and from which years.  This will help!   Also, if you recognize any of these staff as having worked at another program, please send in any information about their past or present employment at other facilities and/or cults.


Please don’t place your loved one in Love in Action and rescue them if they are there now. 




Additional Information
Tommy Corman Acting Director Corman has worked in unnamed residential facilities for over 10 years.
Diana Hoaglan Family and Ministry Support  
David Jones Counselor Jones has worked in multiple unnamed residential "settings" for over 30 years.
Carolyn Rose Women's Ministry Coordinator Rose no longer appears to be associated with this program.
Joshua Tyra Admissions "Graduate" of "The Source" residential program (part of Love In Action--LIA "graduate").
Bob Watson Development Director Member of "Centurions for Christ" . 
OTHER--Here is a list of churches affiliated with the hateful "Love In Action":
  • Grace Evangelical Church - Germantown, TN
  • Second Presbyterian Church - Memphis, TN
  • Andrews First Assembly of God - Andrews, TX (Assembly of God is associated with notoriously fraudulent and abusive Teen Challenge Cult.)
  • World Overcomers Outreach Ministries Church - Memphis, TN
  • Hope Church - Tupelo, MS
  • Bellevue Baptist Church - Memphis, TN
  • United Christian Fellowship - Lake Charles, LA
  • Kirby Woods Baptist Church - Memphis, TN
  • White Station Church of Christ - Memphis, TN


NO NAMES NO TITLES There are no details about these staff.*
*(Love in Action, like many other programs in this industry, keeps a "tight lid" on any specific information regarding their staff, qualifications, and practices.  Please contact us with the names of any staff of which you have firsthand knowledge or experience.  Thank you for your help.)

Gay reparative therapy isn't advisable, says APA--August 31, 2009--The American Psychological Association has finally confirmed what MySpace Zach and his supporters knew back in 2005 – gay reparative therapies don’t work.

In an update to a 1997 resolution "Appropriate Therapeutic Responses to Sexual Orientation," the APA now advises that mental health professionals should avoid telling clients that they can change their sexual orientation through therapy or other treatments.

"Contrary to claims of sexual orientation change advocates and practitioners, there is insufficient evidence to support the use of psychological interventions to change sexual orientation," said Judith M. Glassgold, PsyD, chair of the task force which examined the efficacy of so-called reparative therapy.”

APA appointed the six-member Task Force on Appropriate Therapeutic Responses to Sexual Orientation in 2007 to review and update APA's 1997 resolution, "Appropriate Therapeutic Responses to Sexual Orientation," and to generate a report. APA was concerned about ongoing efforts to promote the notion that sexual orientation can be changed through psychotherapy or approaches that mischaracterize homosexuality as a mental disorder.

The task force examined the peer-reviewed journal articles in English from 1960 to 2007, which included 83 studies. Most of the studies were conducted before 1978, and only a few had been conducted in the last 10 years. The group also reviewed the recent literature on the psychology of sexual orientation.

"Unfortunately, much of the research in the area of sexual orientation change contains serious design flaws," Glassgold said. "Few studies could be considered methodologically sound and none systematically evaluated potential harms."

Looking back at Zach
Zach Stark was for many the face of the vulnerable, oppressed gay teen.

Stark, then 16 and living in Bartlett, Tenn., chronicled his coming-out story in his MySpace blog.

He detailed his parents unfavorable reaction and wrote, “Today, my mother, father and I had a very long 'talk' in my room, where they let me know I am to apply for a fundamentalist Christian program for gays."

It would take place at Refuge, a youth program of Love in Action International, a Memphis group that runs a religion-based program intended to change the sexual orientation of gay men and women.

As mandated by Refuge, Stark's blog posts stopped the day he entered the facility, but debate and outrage over such programs did not.

A New York Times story published July 17, 2005, shortly after Stark entered Refuge, brought the matter to the forefront of the mainstream media with the headline “Gay Teenager Stirs a Storm.”

In that story, former teacher and GLSEN Executive Director Kevin Jennings told the New York Times, “All reputable health and education professional organizations have clearly and unequivocally denounced this ‘treatment’ as quackery.”

Closer to home, young people from the area organized a protest outside the Love In Action facility soon after the Stark was admitted to the program.

As days passed, the group's numbers swelled as the teens were joined by a wide range of people from the community forming what they called the Queer Action Coalition (QAC), concerned about Stark’s mental health after reading his ominous blog posts.

"It's like boot camp," Stark wrote before entering the facility. "If I do come out straight, I'll be so mentally unstable and depressed it won't matter."  For complete story, click here.

This organization has multiple 4-day "intensive workshops" for families struggling with the sexual orientation of their child/loved one/self.  But, these families are the ones in need of therapy and education so that their ignorance doesn't become a barrier to or harm their loved one for being who they are, and being "different".  It also appears to offer a longer program, up to 9-months (including follow-up program), for adults who are pressured into trying to change their sexual orientation.  See article above for information on why this is wrong.
HEAL Review: Love In Action/The Source Residential Program Application

This program formerly accepted minors.  HEAL is uncertain whether or not this program still accepts minors and/or whether or not the program is truly voluntary.  We understand that entering appears to be voluntary, but, concerns are raised since the communication with the outside world is controlled by the program and in the event someone wishes to leave or call for help, his/her inability to do so because of the program's control of the situation suggests that staying in the program may not be voluntary once one has entered it.  This raises serious concerns.

Since the application does not include the complete contract with waivers and program handbook/materials, we are limiting our review to the information provided in the application.  The complete application is linked above in the title and can be opened in a new window if full contextualization is preferred. 

We are going to quote segments of the application and follow up with concerns raised by the claims/requirements in the application itself. 

Page 2 of Application

"If you struggle with these feelings, you may find God challenging that mindset from the very start, even as you answer the questions on this form.  As He draws you out of isolation and takes you through the process of becoming honest bout your brokenness, you will find (perhaps to your surprise!) that healing will begin to come through other people."

Our primary concern is that the program claims to represent God.  This is arrogant and shows the lack of humility requisite for true spiritual work.  It is a serious concern that the program suggests the use of isolation and refers to clients as "broken" in the above paragraph.  Beyond this, in other sections of the application the program claims to limit the client's ability to communicate with their families, including their wives/husbands.  This is a serious concern and suggests a cult-like environment.

Page 3 of Application

"We will not able to process your application unless all sections have been successfully completed."

"Describe your sexual history, including:"

"Sex with men and/or women"



"Visits to bookstores"

"Anonymous sex"

"Any other sexual activity"

"A photocopy of your driver's license and/or birth certificate"

"Authorization to Release Information form, found on page 13 of this packet.  This form authorizes Data Facts Inc., of Cordova, TN to perform a background check on you."

"Application processing fee (non-refundable) of $25.00 made payable to LIA... This fee will be applied to your program fees upon approval of your application."

"Submitting an application does not mean automatic selection."

It is a serious concern that this program wants so much personal sexual history from people entering the program.  This is compounded by the fact that the program is admittedly not run by professionals with expertise in treating or assisting in the healthy lifestyles of their clients.  It is really not necessary for any program to know the extent of an individual's sexual appetites or experiences in order to provide effective behavior modification.  And, this raises additional concerns.  How will this information be used by "Love In Action"?  Why does "The Source" need a copy of your driver's license and/or birth certificate in order to help you?  Why does "Love In Action" (LIA) need to perform background checks and why does the information requested in the background checks include private financial data and any other data LIA claims is warranted? 

It is a concern that LIA seeks to benefit financially and through extended donations/follow-up retreats/etc. if people buy into their scam and that the application fee is non-refundable regardless of whether or not an applicant is "accepted" into the program.  Again, barring people from entering a program claiming to be Christian (which would generally require it to be accepting of all who wish to enter and have a genuine desire to do so), suggests hypocrisy among other issues and this is a concern. 

Page 4 of Application

"28-Day Residential:...After an initial period of assessment and skill-building, participants explore individual personal struggles and pursue spiritual change.  Family participation may occur on a case-by-case basis, via face-to-face counseling and/or telephone support."

"Cost - $3,000  Non-refundable Deposit - $500  Application Fee - $25.00 (both count toward fees)"

"Three-Month Residential: ...Participants benefit from extensive treatment plans and longer-term individual counseling, with the option of applying for a 3- or 6-month follow-up program.  Family involvement occurs on a case-by-case basis, via face-to-face counseling and/or telephone support."

"Cost - $6,000  Non-refundable Deposit - $1000  Application Fee - $25.00 (both count toward fees)"

"Follow-Up Programs- In addition, three-month residential clients have the option to stay for an additional three- or six-month period to transition gradually back into self-sufficiency...If you desire to stay for a follow-up program, please mark your choice below."

"6 Month Follow-Up:   $3,000 to be paid at start of 7th month."

"At times, our clients choose to raise financial support to assist with their program fees.  Your family and friends may contribute tax-deductible funds on your behalf to our Scholarship Fund...The contributions are non-refundable and if the client chooses to leave the program prematurely, the funds will be used by Love in Action in other areas of need, including scholarships for other clients."

"No-Refund Policy - Under no circumstances will refunds be offered for any segment of the fees for The Source program including the application fee, the deposit, the program fees, and any donations given on your behalf."

The concern here is that counseling is provided by unqualified/under-qualified "professionals".  And, that communication with family is controlled by the program.  This is a sign of a cult-like program/scam and a serious concern.  See for additional warning signs.

Families should inquire as to what exactly they are getting for their money.  $1000/mo. may seem reasonable when considering "treatment options", but, what exactly are you getting for your money and don't you think half the cost with a licensed professional would be a wiser decision than leaving home/work to live with a "religious organization" while you pay them thousands of dollars?  Think about it. 

It is still unclear whether this program can last up to or over one year.  This raises additional concerns.  And, suggests that the program will "encourage" members of the program (cult) to stay on as long as possible to assist with "fundraising" efforts.  This is a serious concern as it interferes with family unity and individual economic advancement.

It is an additional concern that the language of much of the application may suggest that a portion of the fees are refundable.  This is clearly not the case as the program will not refund any money regardless of whether you discover their incompetence.  This is a serious concern.

Page 5 of Application

"Based on this belief, it is the policy of Love in Action to require total abstinence from sexual intimacy with one's spouse during the entire time in The Source program."

"During the initial phase of a client's program there will also most likely be communication boundaries between the client and his/her spouse.  These boundaries will be established and clearly laid out by the client's counselor."

"We will not allow any compromise in the safety or progress of any client based on outside relationships or family needs."

"Our reason for existing is to offer the finest Christian support and discipleship programming available, and we hope that the spouse will take advantage of the following services:"

"Spouse One-on-One Counseling...$50.00 per hour"

"Spouse 4-Day Intensive- Counseling will take place at Love in Action campus."

It is a serious concern that the program denies a married couple their marital rights/duties.  This seems out of line with biblical principles. 

It is a serious concern that the program uses a phase/level system as referenced in the second segment of page 5 quoted above.  It is also a serious concern and an additional warning sign of an abusive/cult-like program that communication with the outside world, including one's immediate family, is completely controlled/monitored by the program.  See for additional warnings signs and questions you should ask any program prior to enrollment.

It is a serious concern that the program places the program's needs above the needs and responsibilities of the individual to his/her family and "outside relationships".  This could put an individual's job, career, and entire family at risk.  This is unacceptable.

Families and individuals should ask what the program means by "programming".  Often "programming" is a euphemism for coercive thought reform ( which has been found to be ineffective and harmful.  This is a serious concern.

In addition, the additional fees for including the family seem excessive.  This is especially so since the program is not providing professional services and disclaims such in their materials.

Page 6 of Application

"Full Legal Name"

"Work Phone"

"Birth Date"

"Social Security Number"

"DL #"

"Name of Employer"

"Address (w/ City, State, Zip)"

The concern with the above requirements, with the exception of requiring the full name, is that the remaining information is personally identifying and can be misused by unscrupulous individuals.  Families and individuals should ask Love in Action why they need the employer name, phone, address, and the individual's social security number and driver's license number.  This information is excessive and given that the program is non-profit and "faith-based", it makes little sense that they would require personal information that is not required by similar programs and services before even accepting the applicant.  This is a concern.

Page 7 of Application

"Describe your relationship with male authority figures:"

"Describe your relationship with female authority figures:"

"I have struggled or am struggling with:...Homosexual Sex Addiction...Same-Sex Attraction..."

It is a serious concern that submission to authority is a key attribute encouraged by the program.  This also suggests it is a cult and not a legitimate treatment center. 

It is a serious concern that this program claims to cure "homosexuality" and this has been proven to be ineffective and harmful.  See article above for more information. (Gay Reparative Therapy Isn't Advisable, says APA)

Page 8 of Application

"You need to be able to sit upright in a chair; be roused from sleep without difficulty; walk without assistance; focus for up to 1.5 hours; hear, understand, read and write English; digest food properly, etc."

"Have you ever had, been diagnosed with, or been treated for any of the following?"


"Crab lice"

"Genital warts"





Since Love in Action requires individuals to remain abstinent as part of the program, what business is it of theirs whether or not a client has formerly had an STD?  In addition, since Love in Action is not a medical facility, what purpose does it serve to specifically identify STDs in an application?  This is over-reaching and a concern in regards to the privacy of clients and their sexual histories.

Page 9 of Application

"Have you ever had an abortion?"

This is no one's business and it is inappropriate of the program to ask this question.  Such should be disclosed only when and if the individual chooses to disclose it and not at the request of a program that will likely use the information as a point of bullying those seeking help.  This is a serious concern as such has been reported to have occurred at similar programs.

Page 10 of Application

"We may disclose personal information without your consent or authorization in the following circumstances:"

"Child Abuse"

"Adult and Domestic Abuse"

"Serious Threat to Health or Safety: If you communicate to us an actual threat of bodily harm against a clearly identified victim (including yourself) and we determine or reasonably suspect that you have the apparent ability and/or are likely to commit such an act unless prevented from doing so, we are required to take reasonable care to predict, warn of, or exercise precautions to protect the identified victim from your stated or suspected intention of violent behavior."

"Have you been involved in any of the following activities? Please check all that apply...Pedophilia...Sex with minors...Child pornography..."

"Are you required to register as a sex offender?"

It is reasonable to report criminal acts involving the safety of children and adults.  It is a serious concern that the quote regarding "Serious Threat to Health or Safety..." appears to suggest that the program will restrain/detain or use similar means against an adult who supposedly is in the program and remains in the program voluntarily.  There should be more than suspicion involved when adults restrict the liberty of other adults without legal right. 

It is a serious concern that minors may be allowed in this program and the program appears to accept and claim to "treat" pedophiles/sex offenders.

Page 11 of Application

"Do you have a checking account?"

"Do you have a savings account?"

"Do you struggle with compulsive spending?"

"Please list your current debts:"

The information requested is very specific financial data and is a serious concern.  This is an application that can be rejected by this program.  But, prior to making any agreement with you and prior to being legally bound to you in any way, Love in Action requires you to list all of your financial information and personally identifying information along with any embarrassing facts about yourself or your life.  All of this raises serious concerns.

Page 12 of Application

"Release of Liability"

"I,_______________ acknowledge that I have voluntarily applied to The Source residential program at Love In Action International, Inc. to participate in worship, teaching, discipleship, and mutual support."

"I am aware that this program is not a substitute for psychiatric treatment, psychotherapy, or professional therapeutic counseling.  I am voluntarily participating in the activities of Love In Action International, Inc. with full knowledge of the facts stated herein, and I hereby agree to accept complete responsibility for my own psychological, mental, and emotional well-being, and any and all risks attendant thereto."

"If Love In Action International, Inc. or one of its affiliated organizations accepts me for participation in its activities, I hereby agree that I, my heirs, assigns, guardians, administrators, executors, legal representatives, and the like, shall not make any claim against, sue, or seek to attack the property of Love In Action International, Inc. or any of its affiliated organizations, as a result of my participation in these activities; nor shall I, my heirs, assigns, guardians administrators, executors, legal representatives, and the like make any claim against, sue, or seek to attack the property of Love In Action International, Inc., or any of its affiliated organizations as a result of the negligence or any other acts of any of Love In Action International Inc.'s employees, agents, officers, directors, participants, volunteers, or other affiliates."

"I, on behalf of myself, my heirs, assigns, guardians, administrators, executors, legal representatives, and the like, hereby release Love In Action International, Inc. and any of its affiliated organizations from liability for any injury (physical, emotional, or mental) or damage resulting from my participation in The Source residential program."

"I have read this agreement and fully understand its contents.  I am aware that this is a release of liability and a contract between myself and Love In Action International, Inc., and/or its affiliated organizations and I sign it of my own free will."

"For male applicants, two of the three references must be male."

"Thank you for  your submission, and we look forward to being in touch with you as soon as possible!"

Love In Action/The Source is providing unprofessional counseling services in a residential environment and refuses to take any responsibility for any harm their practices may cause even when caused by the intentional and/or negligent conduct of its staff/employees/etc.  This is a serious concern.  How often have former "clients" reported having been mentally, emotionally, or physically harmed while in this program?  Love In Action/The Source should reveal their complaint history to all clients upon request.

Why is there a double-standard for men and women in this program?

Again, the application being submitted is not a guarantee of acceptance and it requires a lot of very private and personal information.  This is a serious concern.

Page 13 of Application

"I, _____________________, authorize Love In Action International to run a background check on me to include but not limited to criminal record searches, personal references and any other sources, if Love In Action staff deem it necessary, as appropriate in consideration for Love In Action programs.  I authorize Data Facts to release the investigative report to Love In Action International, the Christian discipleship ministry."

"I hereby authorize and request any law enforcement agency, companies, institutions, agencies or other persons having personal knowledge about me to furnish Data Facts with any and all information in their possession regarding me, in connection with this application."

"Driver's License #/State Issued"

"Social Security Number"

"Date of Birth"

"Current Address"

"Former Address"

Data Facts does credit checks, background checks, and a number of other investigative services for employers and lenders.  Is Love In Action an employer?  It is a lender?  Is it a consumer of the client's services?  If not, then why do they need or assume the right to conduct such an investigation on those entering a Christian discipleship program?  This is a serious concern. 

Page 14 of Application


"Please describe the life-dominating issue the applicant is struggling with:"

"How did you become aware of this applicant's life-dominating struggle?"

"To the best of your knowledge, what is the level of this struggle?"

It is a serious concern that references are to be from individuals not related to the applicant.  And, this may be extremely inappropriate and in violation of any respect for privacy or confidentiality.  The questions are not general enough to avoid disclosing private/personal information that the client may wish to keep from the only individuals "accepted" by the program to contribute to the references.  This is a concern.

Page 15 of Application

"The Source Residential Program Reference Form"

"Recognizing that The Source residential program is based on Christian principles, from your standpoint, as a □ Christian...□ Non-Christian, is there evidence of salvation or spiritual growth in his or her life?...What makes you feel this way?"

"Does the applicant have problems submitting to corrective guidance from others?"

"To your knowledge, does the applicant exhibit responsibility in the area of personal finances?"

"Our program is spiritually and emotionally stressful.  Do you think the applicant is able to walk through this commitment?"

"Consider each of the following areas.  Would you say this is an area of strength or weakness in the applicant's life?  Mark either an "S" for Strength or a "W" for Weakness.  Please mark as many as apply."

"Communication skills"

"Family Relationships"

"Submission to authority"

It is a concern that individuals, who may not be people of faith and/or may not even know the client very well given the guidelines for who is eligible to be a "reference", are being asked such subjective questions and personal questions regarding a friend seeking help.  This seems extraordinarily invasive and unnecessarily subjects the client to scrutiny from friends and associates.  This is a concern.

It is a concern that submission to authority is considered a positive attribute.  Questioning authority is the main principle taught by Jesus Christ who told followers to return to Caesar what is Caesar's and to God what is God's.  Advising individuals to submit to a man, regardless of the man's claims of faith, is antithetical to Christian values and principles and this raises additional concerns regarding the claims made by "The Source".

Page 19 of Application

"How can we pray for you?"

Well, LIA, you can pray for HEAL and for the world in asking God to help everyone perceive the truth and to reveal all false prophets, liars, scam-artists, con-artists, cults, etc. for what they are so that we can all join together in honest discourse to work towards preserving the earth and honoring our commitment to stewardship of creation so God can enjoy God's beauty and bounty and all human beings can honor God by acting in truth and love.  Also, you may want to review the relationship between David and Jonathan again.  Just saying...


 Last Updated: February 22nd, 2020

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